tax_write-off, tax_deduction, deduction
Meaning: a reduction in the gross amount on which a tax is calculated; reduces taxes by the percentage fixed for the taxpayer's income bracket
Meaning: an amount or percentage deducted
deduction, entailment, implication
Meaning: something that is inferred (deduced or entailed or implied); "his resignation had political implications"
deduction, deductive_reasoning, synthesis
Meaning: reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
Meaning: the act of subtracting (removing a part from the whole); "he complained about the subtraction of money from their paychecks"
This mode of reasoning appears sometimes to turn upon the supposition of usurpation in the national government; at other times it seems to be designed only as a deduction from the constitutional operation of its intended powers.
In regard to the former, deduction is the right mode of argument, whereas in regard to the latter, induction is always theoretically preferable, and warrants a greater confidence in the truth of our conclusion, because all empirical generalizations are more uncertain than the instances of them.